Facts about Sweden

Useful for visitors to know before travel to Sweden

Has the largest area of the Nordic/Scandinavian countries

  • Fifth largest country in Europe and roughly the same size as California.
  • Population around 11 millions.
  • Time zone: GMT +1.
  • Language: Swedish.
  • Currency: 1 krona (SEK) = 100 öre.
  • National Day: 6 June
  • Member of European Union since 1995.
  • Monarchy: Current monarch Carl XVI Gustaf 1973-, the longest reigning monarch in Swedish history.
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Capital of Sweden

  • Biggest city in Sweden. Population around 1 million.
  • “Staden mellan broarna” - The city between the bridges. Coming from that the city is situated on a lot of islands, with bridges between. And the old town is between some other bigger islands, with bridges to/from it.
  • The Stockholm metro is the major way of transporting. For tourists the hop and off buses are the best to see the city.
  • A lot of museums for every one to visit, like the outdoor museum Skansen, Vasa ship, ABBA-museum and the royal palaces Stockholms slott and Drottningholm.
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Göteborg in Swedish, Gothenburg in English.

  • The Second largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Population around 600 000.
  • Founded 1621 by the king Gustaf II Adolf (1594-1632)
  • Nickname: Little London as so many english merchant settled down for business reasons. The horses of London in the 19th century ate swedish oats and it was shiped out from the harbour.
  • Home for the Swedish East India Company (1731–1813) as the replica of Götheborg. The original ship sank just outside the city in 1745.
  • "Amerika-kajen" was the dock for ships to England and America. Most of the emigrantion from Sweden gone through here. Today cruises doch here.
  • Headquarter for Volvo cars. The Volvo museum is also here.
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Västergötland Providence

  • Västergötland Providence is a historical providence.
  • The province Västergötland served no administrative function. Instead, that function was served by the counties. Here it was Skaraborg, Älvsborg and a minor part of Göteborg & Bohus.
  • Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden is Duchess of Västergötland.
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Skaraborg county 1634 - 1997.

  • Name from the oldest town - Skara. There it use to be a castle with the name Skara borg. Built by the king Johan III and was ready 1585. In 1612 the Danish burnt it.
  • Identitet for those who lives in the area.
  • Former county in Västergötland landscape.
  • Cities/towns: 11.
  • National registration until -1997. For genealogists it's in the old county (län) you shall do your reseach.
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Since 1998

  • Merge 1998 of three old counties (län): Göteborg & Bohus, Skaraborg and Älvsborg.
  • Recidence capital: Göteborg.
  • Governor (landshövdning) appointed by the government: Sten Tolgfors 2022 - 2028
  • Cities/towns: 18.
  • Population 1,8 millions.
  • The county administrative have responible for the medical care in the county.
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Name of the town and municipality are the same

  • Population of the municipality 32 000, Falköping town 16 000.
  • Town/Village: 8.
  • Historical Parishes: 52.
  • Has the largest area of all municipality of Skaraborg.
  • Falköping is an agriculture area, we have our own dairy - Falköpings mejeri. A lot of farmers sells their products at Farmer markets.
  • The railroad West Mainline between Gothenburg and Stockholm was built in the 1850ies and go through Falbygden. The West Mainline has here the highest point. From Falköping you can also take the train to Jönköping - Nässjö.
  • Falköping is an area full of history. People have lived in the area over 9000 years.
  • 3/4 of the Megalit graves in Sweden are here. South of the town Falköping is the Luttra Stone Age grave. It's the biggest in Sweden and was built 5500 years ago.
  • The oldest stone chuch in Sweden is Gökhem church from the 12th century.
  • Since 2004 a parish is nominated for "Årets Falbygdsocken". In 2022 Marka.

 

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Socken

  • A country-side area that was formed around a church, in the Middle Age.
  • The term socken is no longer used administratively in Sweden, it is still used for cataloging and registering historical archives, botany, dialect research, toponymy and by local historical societies. Socken is a convenient parameter for these purposes since it does not change with time.
  • For you who do reseach for your ancestors and family in Sweden, it's in the Socken you find them.
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